No matter what they do, some people can’t get rid of dandruff. If you are one of them, you can read this to understand why this happens. First of all, you should know the answer to the following question. Is there any difference between dandruff and a dry scalp? If you are not sure what the answer is let’s first see what dandruff is:
Dandruff is not just a flaky scalp. In fact, your scalp flakes ALL the time, but you usually don’t see it, because in a healthy scalp, the flakes are microscopic. Dandruff occurs when the flakes are large and are accompanied by itching and inflammation. For that two happen, 3 requirements are needed: Oily scalp – Your scalp produces sebum on a regular basis; Yeast – Your scalp must be colonized by a certain strain of yeast (Malassezia globosa). The yeast eats your scalp oil and “poop” out a potentially irritating compound called oleic acid; A sensitivity to oleic acid – this varies from person to person and explains why some people have no reaction while others develop severe dandruff.
How to get rid of Dandruff
When the scalp is irritated it becomes red and itchy and the body responds by increasing the rate of cell turn over. Now the cells flake off so fast that they clump together and form visible flakes.
Rarely, dandruff can be a manifestation of an allergic reaction to chemicals in hair gels/sprays, hair oils, or sometimes even dandruff medications like ketoconazole. There is also some evidence that food (especially sugar and yeast), excessive perspiration, and climate have significant roles in the pathogenesis of dandruff.
Now, what causes the dry scalp?
An alternation in temperature or humidity causes dry scalp. For instance, in the winter when the heater is on, the scalp is exposed to a drier environment and the result is peeling and flaking.
Knowing the difference will help you choose the right treatment for your real cause:
If you have a dry scalp, you should first hydrate more, use less astringent hair shampoos and also, wash your hair less often.
For dandruff, you should try:
Coconut oil Hair Mask
From what I’ve heard, coconut oil is a “tried and true” dandruff treatment, and it smells nice too. Before showering, massage 3-5 tablespoons of coconut oil into your scalp and let sit for about an hour. Shampoo normally. You can also look for a shampoo that already contains coconut oil.
Olive oil Hair Mask
An overnight olive oil soak is a folk remedy for dandruff. Massage about 10 drops into your scalp and cover with a shower cap overnight. Follow your regular shampoo routine in the morning. For a quicker cure, look for a shampoo that contains olive oil.